The effect it has on the nervous system results in warding off drowsiness and restoring alertness. This makes it a popular additive in many foods, and even in certain medicines like pain relievers and appetite suppressants.
In fact, its negative effects on the body include anxiety and panic attacks, and may also result in heart palpitations. It has also been reported that chronic, heavy caffeine ingestion may be associated with depression, dizziness, headaches, and impotence in men. Following are various types of side effects of excessive caffeine consumption.
- Gastrointestinal distress
- Light depression
- Increased heartbeat and heart rate
- Elevated blood pressure
- Aortic stiffness
- Hypertension patients
- Decrease in insulin sensitivity
- Elevated serum epinephrine levels
- Increased urine flow
- Increased creatinine clearance
- Increased sodium and calcium excretion
Caffeine and Pregnancy
- Increased chances of a miscarriage
- Constricted blood vessels of the placenta
Other side effects in women include the occurrence of fibrocystic breast disease, which was seen to have a positive correlation with average daily consumption of caffeine. In fact, it was observed that women who consumed 31 to 250 mg/day of caffeine were reported to have a 1.5 times increase in odds to have the disease.
Excess caffeine in children can lead to obesity and weight gain, dehydration, jitters, upset stomach, nervousness, and difficulty in concentrating and sleeping. However, a sudden withdrawal from caffeine can trigger certain withdrawal symptoms like cravings, apathy, constipation, and throbbing headaches.
So the best course of action in this case would be to limit the intake of caffeine. When consumed in moderation, it speeds up our metabolism and also increases the breakdown of fat, thus freeing fatty acids, which are used in energy production during exercise. It can also increase stamina and help in fighting diseases like diabetes and Parkinson's disease.
Disclaimer: This is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.