Identifying food that contains low uric acid and including them in the daily diet are suggested for long-term gout management. Gout is chronic medical condition, which is caused due to excess buildup of uric acid in the body. Over time, the uric acid is converted to urate crystals, and gets deposited in the joints. Characterized by frequent bouts of joint pain, it is a type of progressive arthritis. The probable consequences of gout are joint damage, kidney stone formation, and impaired kidney function.
Foods that Contain Low Uric Acid
While prompt treatment for acute gout attacks is done with prescription medications, the objective for curing gout is reducing uric acid levels in the body. For achieving the same, patients diagnosed with this inflammatory disease should make changes in the diet and lifestyle habits. Eatables containing less uric acids make the bulk of anti-gout diet. They contain less purines, which form uric acids after digestion and trigger gout symptoms. The purported uric acid diet contains relatively high carbohydrates, moderate protein, and low fat. Listed below are some foods low in uric acid that can be included in the diet of gout patients.
Milk contains some of the essential nutrients, but is low in uric acid content. Considering this, it is a main food item in the diet for gout patients. Increase intake of low fat milk and dairy products (cheese, yogurt) is linked with reduced gout attacks. Thus, health experts encourage their patients to increase milk consumption for combating painful symptoms of this disorder.
Tofu and Soybean Products
Tofu is beneficial for lowering concentration of plasma protein, and it also aids in clearing uric acid from the body. Any form of hulled and defatted soybean is good for gout patients. Of course, they contain adequate amounts of proteins. But, they are less fatty, and are healthier alternatives to meat. While adding soybean in natural form, check the serving quantities.
Cereals and cereal products are excellent for including in the uric acid reduction diet. Containing high amount of carbohydrates and low fat, they meet the criteria for this type of diet. Whole grains are also rich sources of dietary fiber, which help in maintaining good bowel health. However, supplement whole grain food products with healthy protein sources for planning balanced diet.
Mention foods low in uric acid and one cannot miss fresh berries, such as strawberries, blue berries, blackberries, etc. They are loaded with antioxidants, and aid in reducing inflammation. Similar to fresh berries, all types of cherries are highly appreciated for their lower uric acid content and high nutritional value. They can be served as mixed fruit salads, or as toppings to daily breakfast cereals.
Healthy nuts, like almonds, walnuts, pistachios, peanuts also form a part of this list. Most people are concerned about including nuts in the gout diet, as they contain fat. It is to be borne in mind that the fat in these dried fruits are healthy types. However, people who are watching their weight should reduce the serving amounts of these uric acid lowering foods.
Eggs and Poultry
Eggs are not harmful for patients diagnosed with inflammatory arthritis, provided that the serving amount is monitored properly. A patient of gout can have 3-4 eggs per week, but not more than that. The same restriction is applicable for poultry meat. Under low serving amounts, they are considered better alternatives to other animal products for providing proteins.
Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
Banana, apples, pineapple, celery, tomatoes, parsley, are healthy choices. Fresh fruits and vegetables are the key items of a healthy diet. But, many of the green veggies contain uric acid in high percentage, and fruits rich in natural sugar aggravate gout symptoms. The point is to understand the nutritional value of fruits and vegetables, before adding them in the gout diet plan.
Incorporating the above low uric acid food in the diet plan will help in reducing the frequency of gout attacks. In addition, a patient should increase daily fluid intake to flush off uric acid crystals. Needless to mention, food products high in uric acid should be strictly avoided in gout diet. Examples are sardines, anchovies, other seafood, minced meat, organ meat, red meat, yeast, and sweet bread amongst others. Also, one should refrain from consuming alcoholic beverages, as they aggravate gout symptoms.