The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruit that grows mainly in southeast Asia, India, Pakistan, Iran, the Gulf and parts of the Mediterranean. Mostly available in winter, the only edible part of the fruit are its seeds. The pomegranate was revered for its high nutritional value and the fruit finds a mention in almost all religious texts of the world, including the Holy Bible.
Throughout history, the pomegranate has been regarded as a symbol of prosperity and fruitfulness. However, the fruit has certain side effects, some of which result due to too much intake of the fruit. Read on for some information on the nutritional values of this fruit as well as some possible dangers of pomegranate.
The pomegranate is rich in carbohydrates and sugars and contains essential vitamins such as vitamin B (B1, B2, B3, B6 and B9) and vitamin C along with minerals such as calcium, potassium, magnesium and iron, among others. One of the most important benefits of pomegranate juice is its ability to lower the level of cholesterol in the body. Besides, it is also helpful in lowering blood pressure, preventing osteoarthritis and even preventing certain forms of cancer. But is too much pomegranate bad for you? Yes, indeed! The potential side effects of pomegranate are many, as given below.
Pomegranate Side Effects and Dangers
Let us have a look at some widely reported dangers and the probable reasons behind them.
The most common side effects of pomegranate consumption, problems such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea, are mostly caused due to excessive intake of the fruit or its juice. Excessive quantities of the fruit can lead to problems of the gastrointestinal tract. However, these problems rarely persist and usually subside after a few hours. You should avoid intake of oily food along with pomegranate.
People who are allergic to fruits should be careful before consuming pomegranate, as some people might be allergic to it. People who suffer from allergic conditions such as asthma, should avoid the fruit as it can trigger allergic reactions in them. Pomegranate allergy may manifest itself in many forms and some of the common symptoms of allergy are as follows.
- Facial swelling
- Hives and rashes
- Difficulty in breathing
- Painful swallowing
- Pain and swelling in the mouth
Low Blood Pressure
As we have already discussed above, pomegranate reduces blood pressure. While this property of the fruit might be beneficial to people who suffer from a high blood pressure, it may be fatal for those with low blood pressure. Another harmful effect of pomegranate is its reaction with medications, especially those meant for regulating blood pressure. The organic substances present in the fruit help decrease blood pressure and this property might interfere with the effect of the drug. Thus, it is recommended that people who are on prescription drugs for blood pressure and heart troubles, should limit their consumption of this fruit.
Effect on Enzymes
It has been observed that pomegranate juice may restrict or hinder the functioning of certain enzymes secreted by the liver. Some of these enzymes are responsible for the breakdown of the chemical compounds present in medicines and in their absence, the toxic chemicals begin to build up within the body and can prove to be fatal. So, if you are on any drug, you should speak to your doctor for detailed information on what all things you need to avoid.
High Sugar Content
The pomegranate fruit is rich in sugar and carbohydrates and this high sugar content makes it unsuitable for consumption by people suffering from diabetes. Also, if you are one who is on a diet and is looking out to cut your calorie intake, then pomegranate juice is certainly not for you.
Remember that pomegranate contains a deep red pigment that is so strong that it is very difficult to remove from clothes. Hence, one should be careful while eating the fruit to prevent stubborn stains.
This was a brief analysis of pomegranate dangers and side effects. It is a fact that anything consumed in surplus amounts, might lead to problems. However, in moderate quantities, no fruit is harmful. Also, consuming the pomegranate fruit might not be as harmful as the intake of pomegranate supplements. So, if you really love the fruit, have it in limited quantities and enjoy its sweet taste and wholesome benefits!