Pears are sweet tasting, juicy, round-shaped fruits that taper towards the fruit stalk. The color may be greenish or yellowish depending upon the species. Nearly, all pear types are appreciated for the presence of high amounts of natural sugar and carbohydrates. It has been found that pears contain the highest amount of levulose sugar than any other fruits. First cultivated in Asian and European countries, today different kinds of pears are grown in many regions of the world for commercial purposes.
Different Kinds of Pears
When we say pear, it refers to both pear fruit or the tree (scientific name Pyrus communis) bearing the same edible fruit. Based on the pear types, the growing conditions and care levels vary. Upon blooming, the fruiting pear trees look spectacular in any type of landscape design. While purchasing pears from grocery stores or supermarket, not many of us can identify the pear variety. For your reference, the following is a brief information on some popular varieties of pears. The harvest months listed here reflect the regions Oregon and Washington in North America.
Juicy Anjou pear is both sweet and spicy in taste. It is eaten fresh in salads or cooked to make tarts and other desserts. The skin color is basically yellowish-green and does not change upon ripening. You will get this pear fruit in the peak season that lasts from October to June.
The Asian pear is known by varied names, like African pear, Nashi pear, Japanese pear, Korean pear, and so on. Unlike other pear types, for which flesh firmness is checked during purchasing, the quality of Asian pear is examined from its sweet smell. The fruit shape is round (just like an apple) and the skin color varies depending on the cultivar. Available from July through October, this sweet pear is enjoyed fresh, alone, or in salads.
Yellow Bartlett Pear
One excellent variety of pear for canning is yellow Bartlett. This sweet tasting pear retains its egg shape after poaching, canning, and pickling. Upon ripening, the green skin color changes to yellow and releases a sweet aroma. The peak season for Bartlett pear is July to December.
Red Bartlett Pear
In contrast to yellow Bartlett pear, this one is bright red in color. Also, this red pear is a bit smaller than the yellow variety. The flesh of the ripe fruit is smooth, juicy, sweet, and has a pleasant aroma. Available from August through October, this pear is commonly used in salad and dessert recipes.
Available almost throughout the year (August through April), Bosc varieties have a brownish skin color. Do not go by the rough appearance, as the flesh of this pear is soft, tender, and firm. The not-too-sweet and spicy flavor of this pear make it a perfect choice for use in salads, snacks, and baking recipes.
Considered to be the largest pear type, the Comice pear possesses desirable fruit characteristics, like extra juiciness and sweet flavor. It can be identified from its perfect round shape and green skin color. It is best enjoyed fresh in mixed fruit salads. You can find this sweet, juicy pear from August till March.
One of the small types of pear fruit, it is bell-shaped and the freckled skin is bright yellow having red dots. Forelle pear has a juicy flesh that tastes somewhat sweet, crisp, and spicy. Available from September to February, it is best consumed in mixed fruit salads or alone as a snack.
The smallest of all pear types is the Seckel variety, and it is characterized by a mixed maroon and olive-green skin. Peak season lasting from August to February, the sweetness of this small pear is so high that it is often known as sugar pear. You can simply enjoy this fruit alone in snacks or add it in salads, garnishes, and pickles.
With so many kinds of pears, prospective buyers get confused with the particular variety. Each of the pear types tastes delicious with their unique flavors. But, avoid purchasing soft, wrinkled pears that have bruised marks. In addition to the fruit-bearing pear tree types, there are also ornamental pear trees that are grown for beautifying the landscape.